The second type of corn are also called soft corns, which appear when the joint of one toe bends in an abnormal way so that it causes the skin to rub against the shoe. It usually occurs when the bone of the 5 th toe applies excessive pressure over the base of the 4 th toe. The reason for the toe bending, in such an abnormal manner could be directed to wearing the wrong type of shoes for a prolonged period. For example, wearing ill fitted and tight shoes or stilettos can cause the toes to gets cramped together, which gradually shifts the bones closer. If you have pain in a corn, even when you do not have shoes on, you have most likely developed bursitis which is inflammation of the joint under the corn. Bursitis is often treated with an injection of anti-inflammatory into the inflamed area. Another effective alternative is to give you feet a good long soak in a basin full of warm water with a cupful of apple cider vinegar. Then do some gentle scrubbing using a pumice stone to rid your feet of all that dead skin. By reducing pressure on the affected area, corns and calluses can be prevented to re-arise. Calluses build up on areas of the foot that are irritated or rubbed by your shoes. You can also develop calluses by frequently walking barefoot on rough surfaces. Once you have callused heels, you're at risk for cracks. Long periods of standing, wearing open shoes and being overweight also contribute to heel cracks. Medical conditions such as diabetes, thyroid problems, eczema and psoriasis also increase the risk of painfully cracked heels. If you have a medical condition that affects your feet, you should consult a podiatrist or your regular doctor. You Might Also Like Home Treatment Look for symptoms such as a hard, dry, wide and thick bulge of skin. It might be yellowish or grayish and be painless or less receptive to the touch compared to the immediate skin. It may of course feel rough and swollen. When wearing slippers made of soft fur or sitting comfortably, these will not hurt. However, they will hurt and feel very uncomfortable when you are walking with your shoes on. When you are suffering from either corns or calluses, shoes, especially the closed types become your worst enemy. If the bumps are sensitive even to the slightest touch, you cannot wear closed footwear without feeling extreme pain. After the first 48 hours of foot elevation, you can usually gradually return to most activities. However, the use of crutches or a walker will be required. At some point, your physician will allow you to wean off the crutches/walker to more "normal" activities. Typically, the dressing placed at the time of surgery is left intact until your first postoperative visit. The surgical dressing cannot get wet. Therefore, baths are encouraged. If one chooses to shower, then an "over-the-cast" bag is necessary. How frequently should I schedule follow up appointments with my doctor following surgery? The good news is foot calluses are not a medical disease. Consequently, they do not need medical treatment. Removing corns is best through the use of Pedi-egg which is like a grater which gently scrapes away dead skin layers. It could be very painful to abrade live layers of the skin, so it is best to do this over a period of days and not just in one sitting. Do not use a blade or any other cutting tool because it is hard to gauge how deep the blade could go through the skin.